聊一下 RocketMQ 的消息存储三

ConsumeQueue 其实是定位到一个 topic 下的消息在 CommitLog 下的偏移量,它也是固定大小的

// ConsumeQueue file size,default is 30W
private int mapedFileSizeConsumeQueue = 300000 * ConsumeQueue.CQ_STORE_UNIT_SIZE;

public static final int CQ_STORE_UNIT_SIZE = 20;

所以文件大小是5.7M 左右

5udpag

ConsumeQueue 的构建是通过org.apache.rocketmq.store.DefaultMessageStore.ReputMessageService运行后的 doReput 方法,而启动是的 reputFromOffset 则是通过org.apache.rocketmq.store.DefaultMessageStore#start中下面代码设置并启动

log.info("[SetReputOffset] maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue={} clMinOffset={} clMaxOffset={} clConfirmedOffset={}",
                maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue, this.commitLog.getMinOffset(), this.commitLog.getMaxOffset(), this.commitLog.getConfirmOffset());
            this.reputMessageService.setReputFromOffset(maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue);
            this.reputMessageService.start();

看一下 doReput 的逻辑

private void doReput() {
            if (this.reputFromOffset < DefaultMessageStore.this.commitLog.getMinOffset()) {
                log.warn("The reputFromOffset={} is smaller than minPyOffset={}, this usually indicate that the dispatch behind too much and the commitlog has expired.",
                    this.reputFromOffset, DefaultMessageStore.this.commitLog.getMinOffset());
                this.reputFromOffset = DefaultMessageStore.this.commitLog.getMinOffset();
            }
            for (boolean doNext = true; this.isCommitLogAvailable() && doNext; ) {

                if (DefaultMessageStore.this.getMessageStoreConfig().isDuplicationEnable()
                    && this.reputFromOffset >= DefaultMessageStore.this.getConfirmOffset()) {
                    break;
                }

              // 根据偏移量获取消息
                SelectMappedBufferResult result = DefaultMessageStore.this.commitLog.getData(reputFromOffset);
                if (result != null) {
                    try {
                        this.reputFromOffset = result.getStartOffset();

                        for (int readSize = 0; readSize < result.getSize() && doNext; ) {
                          // 消息校验和转换
                            DispatchRequest dispatchRequest =
                                DefaultMessageStore.this.commitLog.checkMessageAndReturnSize(result.getByteBuffer(), false, false);
                            int size = dispatchRequest.getBufferSize() == -1 ? dispatchRequest.getMsgSize() : dispatchRequest.getBufferSize();

                            if (dispatchRequest.isSuccess()) {
                                if (size > 0) {
                                  // 进行分发处理,包括 ConsumeQueue 和 IndexFile
                                    DefaultMessageStore.this.doDispatch(dispatchRequest);

                                    if (BrokerRole.SLAVE != DefaultMessageStore.this.getMessageStoreConfig().getBrokerRole()
                                        && DefaultMessageStore.this.brokerConfig.isLongPollingEnable()) {
                                        DefaultMessageStore.this.messageArrivingListener.arriving(dispatchRequest.getTopic(),
                                            dispatchRequest.getQueueId(), dispatchRequest.getConsumeQueueOffset() + 1,
                                            dispatchRequest.getTagsCode(), dispatchRequest.getStoreTimestamp(),
                                            dispatchRequest.getBitMap(), dispatchRequest.getPropertiesMap());
                                    }

                                    this.reputFromOffset += size;
                                    readSize += size;
                                    if (DefaultMessageStore.this.getMessageStoreConfig().getBrokerRole() == BrokerRole.SLAVE) {
                                        DefaultMessageStore.this.storeStatsService
                                            .getSinglePutMessageTopicTimesTotal(dispatchRequest.getTopic()).incrementAndGet();
                                        DefaultMessageStore.this.storeStatsService
                                            .getSinglePutMessageTopicSizeTotal(dispatchRequest.getTopic())
                                            .addAndGet(dispatchRequest.getMsgSize());
                                    }
                                } else if (size == 0) {
                                    this.reputFromOffset = DefaultMessageStore.this.commitLog.rollNextFile(this.reputFromOffset);
                                    readSize = result.getSize();
                                }
                            } else if (!dispatchRequest.isSuccess()) {

                                if (size > 0) {
                                    log.error("[BUG]read total count not equals msg total size. reputFromOffset={}", reputFromOffset);
                                    this.reputFromOffset += size;
                                } else {
                                    doNext = false;
                                    // If user open the dledger pattern or the broker is master node,
                                    // it will not ignore the exception and fix the reputFromOffset variable
                                    if (DefaultMessageStore.this.getMessageStoreConfig().isEnableDLegerCommitLog() ||
                                        DefaultMessageStore.this.brokerConfig.getBrokerId() == MixAll.MASTER_ID) {
                                        log.error("[BUG]dispatch message to consume queue error, COMMITLOG OFFSET: {}",
                                            this.reputFromOffset);
                                        this.reputFromOffset += result.getSize() - readSize;
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    } finally {
                        result.release();
                    }
                } else {
                    doNext = false;
                }
            }
        }

分发的逻辑看到这

    class CommitLogDispatcherBuildConsumeQueue implements CommitLogDispatcher {

        @Override
        public void dispatch(DispatchRequest request) {
            final int tranType = MessageSysFlag.getTransactionValue(request.getSysFlag());
            switch (tranType) {
                case MessageSysFlag.TRANSACTION_NOT_TYPE:
                case MessageSysFlag.TRANSACTION_COMMIT_TYPE:
                    DefaultMessageStore.this.putMessagePositionInfo(request);
                    break;
                case MessageSysFlag.TRANSACTION_PREPARED_TYPE:
                case MessageSysFlag.TRANSACTION_ROLLBACK_TYPE:
                    break;
            }
        }
    }
public void putMessagePositionInfo(DispatchRequest dispatchRequest) {
        ConsumeQueue cq = this.findConsumeQueue(dispatchRequest.getTopic(), dispatchRequest.getQueueId());
        cq.putMessagePositionInfoWrapper(dispatchRequest);
    }

真正存储的是在这

private boolean putMessagePositionInfo(final long offset, final int size, final long tagsCode,
    final long cqOffset) {

    if (offset + size <= this.maxPhysicOffset) {
        log.warn("Maybe try to build consume queue repeatedly maxPhysicOffset={} phyOffset={}", maxPhysicOffset, offset);
        return true;
    }

    this.byteBufferIndex.flip();
    this.byteBufferIndex.limit(CQ_STORE_UNIT_SIZE);
    this.byteBufferIndex.putLong(offset);
    this.byteBufferIndex.putInt(size);
    this.byteBufferIndex.putLong(tagsCode);

这里也可以看到 ConsumeQueue 的存储格式,

AA6Tve

偏移量,消息大小,跟 tag 的 hashCode