Nicksxs's Blog

What hurts more, the pain of hard work or the pain of regret?

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这周回家提前约好了要去老丈人家帮下忙,因为在翻修下老房子,活不是特别整的那种,所以大部分都是自己干,或者找个大工临时干几天(我们这那种比较专业的泥工匠叫做大工),像我这样去帮忙的,就是干点小工(把给大工帮忙的,干些偏体力活的叫做小工)的活。从大学毕业以后真的蛮少帮家里干活了,以前上学的时候放假还是帮家里淘个米,简单的扫地拖地啥的,当然刚高考完的时候,还去我爸厂里帮忙干了几天的活,实在是比较累,不过现在想着是觉得自己那时候比较牛,而不是特别排斥这个活,相对于现在的工作来说,导致了一系列的职业病,颈椎腰背都很僵硬,眼镜也不好,还有反流,像我爸那种活反而是脑力加体力的比较好的结合。
这一天的活前半部分主要是在清理厨房,瓷砖上的油污和墙上天花板上即将脱落的石灰或者白色涂料层,这种活特别是瓷砖上的油污,之前在自己家里也干活,还是比较熟悉的,不过前面主要是LD 在干,我主要是先搞墙上和天花板上的,干活还是很需要技巧的,如果直接去铲,那基本我会变成一个灰人,而且吸一鼻子灰,老丈人比较专业,先接上软管用水冲,一冲效果特别好,有些石灰涂料层直接就冲掉了,冲完之后先用带加长杆的刀片铲铲了一圈墙面,说实话因为老房子之前租出去了,所以墙面什么的被糟蹋的比较难看,一层一层的,不过这还算还好,后面主要是天花板上的,这可难倒我了,从小我爸妈是比较把我当小孩管着,爬上爬下的基本都是我爸搞定,但是到了老丈人家也只得硬着头皮上了,爬到跳(一种建筑工地用的架子)上,还有点晃,小心脏扑通扑通跳,而且带加长杆的铲子还是比较重的,铲一会手也有点累,不过坚持着铲完了,上面还是比较平整的,不过下来的时候又把我难住了🤦‍♂️,往下爬的时候有根杆子要跨过去,由于裤子比较紧,强行一把跨过去怕抽筋,所以以一个非常尴尬的姿势停留休息了一会,再跨了过去,幸好事后问 LD,他们都没看到,哈哈哈,然后就是帮忙一起搞瓷砖上的油污,这个太有经验了,不过老丈人更有意思,一会试试啤酒,一会用用沙子,后面在午饭前基本就弄的比较干净了,就坐着等吃饭了,下午午休了会,就继续干活了。
下午是我这次体验的重点了,因为要清理以前贴的墙纸,真的是个很麻烦的活,只能说贴墙纸的师傅活干得太好了,基本不可能整个撕下来,想用铲子一点点铲下来也不行,太轻了就只铲掉表面一层,太重了就把墙纸跟墙面的石灰啥的整个铲下来了,而且手又累又酸,后来想着是不是继续用水冲一下,对着一小面墙试验了下,效果还不错,但是又发现了个问题,那一面墙又有一块是后面糊上去的,铲掉外层的石灰后不平,然后就是最最重头的,也是让我后遗症持续到第二天的,要把那一块糊上去的水泥敲下来,毛估下大概是敲了80%左右,剩下的我的手已经不会用力了,因为那一块应该是要糊上去的始作俑者,就一块里面凹进去的,我拿着榔头敲到我手已经没法使劲了,而且大下午,感觉没五分钟,我的汗已经糊满脸,眼睛也睁不开,不然就流到眼睛里了,此处获得成就一:用榔头敲墙壁,也是个技术加体力的活,而且需要非常好的技巧,否则手马上就废了,敲下去的反作用力,没一会就不行了,然后是看着老丈人兄弟帮忙拆一个柜子,在我看来是个几天都搞不定的活,他轻轻松松在我敲墙的那会就搞定了,以前总觉得我干的活非常有技术含量,可是这个事情真的也是很有技巧啊,它是个把一间房间分隔开的柜子,从底到顶上,还带着门,我还在旁边帮忙撬一下脚踢,一根木条撬半天,唉,成就二:专业的人就是不一样。
最后就是成就三了:我之前沾沾自喜的跑了多少步,做了什么锻炼,其实都是渣渣,像这样干一天活,没经历过的,基本大半天就废了,反过来说,如果能经常去这么干一天活,跑步啥的都是渣渣,消耗的能量远远超过跑个十公里啥的。

用了比较久的 grep 命令,其实都只是用了最最基本的功能来查日志,

譬如

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grep 'xxx' xxxx.log

然后有挺多情况比如想要找日志里带一些符号什么的,就需要用到一些特殊的

比如这样\"userId\":\"123456\",因为比如用户 ID 有时候会跟其他的 id 一样,只用具体的值 123456 来查的话干扰信息太多了,如果直接这样

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grep '\"userId\":\"123456\"' xxxx.log

好像不行,盲猜就是符号的问题,特别是\"这两个,

之前一直是想试一下,但是没成功,昨天在排查一个问题的时候发现了,只要把这些都转义了就行了

grep '\\\"userId\\\":\\\"123456\\\"' xxxx.log

原谅我的标题党,其实这些工具的确很厉害,之前其实介绍过一点相关的,是从我一次问题排查的过程中用到的,但是最近又有碰到一次排查问题,发现其实用 idea 直接 dump thread 是不现实的,毕竟服务器环境的没法这么操作,那就得用 Java 的那些工具了

jstack & jps

譬如 jstack,这个命令其实不能更简单了
看看 help 信息

-l参数可以打出锁的额外信息,然后后面的 pid 就是进程 id 咯,机智的小伙伴会问了(就你这个小白才问这么蠢的问题🤦‍♂️),怎么看 Java 应用的进程呢
那就是 jps 了,命令也很简单,一般直接用 jps命令就好了,不过也可以 help 看一下

稍微解释下,-q是只显示进程 id,-m是输出给main 方法的参数,比如我在配置中加给参数

然后用 jps -m查看

-v加上小 v 的话就是打印 jvm 参数

还是有点东西,然后就继续介绍 jstack 了,然后我们看看 jstack 出来是啥,为了加点内容我加了个死锁

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public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
SpringApplication.run(ThreadDumpDemoApplication.class, args);
ReentrantLock lock1 = new ReentrantLock();
ReentrantLock lock2 = new ReentrantLock();
Thread t1 = new Thread() {
@Override
public void run() {
try {
lock1.lock();
TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(1);
lock2.lock();
} catch (InterruptedException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
};
Thread t2 = new Thread() {
@Override
public void run() {
try {
lock2.lock();
TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(1);
lock1.lock();
} catch (InterruptedException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
};
t1.setName("mythread1");
t2.setName("mythread2");
t1.start();
t2.start();
Thread.sleep(10000);
}

然后看看出来时怎么样的

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2020-08-02 21:50:32
Full thread dump Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (25.201-b09 mixed mode):

"DestroyJavaVM" #147 prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9dd807000 nid=0x2603 waiting on condition [0x0000000000000000]
java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"mythread2" #140 prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9dd877000 nid=0x9903 waiting on condition [0x0000700006fb9000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f5d4330> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$NonfairSync)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.parkAndCheckInterrupt(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:836)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.acquireQueued(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:870)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.acquire(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:1199)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$NonfairSync.lock(ReentrantLock.java:209)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock.lock(ReentrantLock.java:285)
at com.nicksxs.thread_dump_demo.ThreadDumpDemoApplication$2.run(ThreadDumpDemoApplication.java:34)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- <0x000000076f5d4360> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$NonfairSync)

"mythread1" #139 prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de873800 nid=0x9a03 waiting on condition [0x0000700006eb6000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f5d4360> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$NonfairSync)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.parkAndCheckInterrupt(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:836)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.acquireQueued(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:870)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.acquire(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:1199)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$NonfairSync.lock(ReentrantLock.java:209)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock.lock(ReentrantLock.java:285)
at com.nicksxs.thread_dump_demo.ThreadDumpDemoApplication$1.run(ThreadDumpDemoApplication.java:22)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- <0x000000076f5d4330> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$NonfairSync)

"http-nio-8080-Acceptor" #137 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de1ac000 nid=0x9b03 runnable [0x0000700006db3000]
java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE
at sun.nio.ch.ServerSocketChannelImpl.accept0(Native Method)
at sun.nio.ch.ServerSocketChannelImpl.accept(ServerSocketChannelImpl.java:422)
at sun.nio.ch.ServerSocketChannelImpl.accept(ServerSocketChannelImpl.java:250)
- locked <0x000000076f1e4820> (a java.lang.Object)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint.serverSocketAccept(NioEndpoint.java:469)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint.serverSocketAccept(NioEndpoint.java:71)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.Acceptor.run(Acceptor.java:95)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"http-nio-8080-ClientPoller" #136 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9dd876800 nid=0x6503 runnable [0x0000700006cb0000]
java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE
at sun.nio.ch.KQueueArrayWrapper.kevent0(Native Method)
at sun.nio.ch.KQueueArrayWrapper.poll(KQueueArrayWrapper.java:198)
at sun.nio.ch.KQueueSelectorImpl.doSelect(KQueueSelectorImpl.java:117)
at sun.nio.ch.SelectorImpl.lockAndDoSelect(SelectorImpl.java:86)
- locked <0x000000076f2978c8> (a sun.nio.ch.Util$3)
- locked <0x000000076f2978b8> (a java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableSet)
- locked <0x000000076f297798> (a sun.nio.ch.KQueueSelectorImpl)
at sun.nio.ch.SelectorImpl.select(SelectorImpl.java:97)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$Poller.run(NioEndpoint.java:709)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"http-nio-8080-exec-10" #135 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de1af000 nid=0x9d03 waiting on condition [0x0000700006bad000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f26aa00> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.await(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2039)
at java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue.take(LinkedBlockingQueue.java:442)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:107)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:33)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"http-nio-8080-exec-9" #134 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de1ab800 nid=0x6403 waiting on condition [0x0000700006aaa000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f26aa00> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.await(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2039)
at java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue.take(LinkedBlockingQueue.java:442)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:107)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:33)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"http-nio-8080-exec-8" #133 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de873000 nid=0x9f03 waiting on condition [0x00007000069a7000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f26aa00> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.await(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2039)
at java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue.take(LinkedBlockingQueue.java:442)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:107)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:33)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"http-nio-8080-exec-7" #132 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df0a1800 nid=0xa103 waiting on condition [0x00007000068a4000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f26aa00> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.await(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2039)
at java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue.take(LinkedBlockingQueue.java:442)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:107)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:33)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"http-nio-8080-exec-6" #131 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df242800 nid=0x6103 waiting on condition [0x00007000067a1000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f26aa00> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.await(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2039)
at java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue.take(LinkedBlockingQueue.java:442)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:107)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:33)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"http-nio-8080-exec-5" #130 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de872000 nid=0x5f03 waiting on condition [0x000070000669e000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f26aa00> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.await(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2039)
at java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue.take(LinkedBlockingQueue.java:442)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:107)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:33)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"http-nio-8080-exec-4" #129 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de1a6000 nid=0x5e03 waiting on condition [0x000070000659b000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f26aa00> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.await(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2039)
at java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue.take(LinkedBlockingQueue.java:442)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:107)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:33)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"http-nio-8080-exec-3" #128 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de871800 nid=0x5c03 waiting on condition [0x0000700006498000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f26aa00> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.await(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2039)
at java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue.take(LinkedBlockingQueue.java:442)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:107)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:33)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"http-nio-8080-exec-2" #127 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9dead9000 nid=0x5b03 waiting on condition [0x0000700006395000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f26aa00> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.await(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2039)
at java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue.take(LinkedBlockingQueue.java:442)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:107)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:33)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"http-nio-8080-exec-1" #126 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9ddb00000 nid=0x5a03 waiting on condition [0x0000700006292000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f26aa00> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.await(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2039)
at java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue.take(LinkedBlockingQueue.java:442)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:107)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskQueue.take(TaskQueue.java:33)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"http-nio-8080-BlockPoller" #125 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df242000 nid=0xa503 runnable [0x000070000618f000]
java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE
at sun.nio.ch.KQueueArrayWrapper.kevent0(Native Method)
at sun.nio.ch.KQueueArrayWrapper.poll(KQueueArrayWrapper.java:198)
at sun.nio.ch.KQueueSelectorImpl.doSelect(KQueueSelectorImpl.java:117)
at sun.nio.ch.SelectorImpl.lockAndDoSelect(SelectorImpl.java:86)
- locked <0x000000076f1eea30> (a sun.nio.ch.Util$3)
- locked <0x000000076f1ee198> (a java.util.Collections$UnmodifiableSet)
- locked <0x000000076f1ee010> (a sun.nio.ch.KQueueSelectorImpl)
at sun.nio.ch.SelectorImpl.select(SelectorImpl.java:97)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioBlockingSelector$BlockPoller.run(NioBlockingSelector.java:313)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"container-0" #124 prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df06a000 nid=0x5803 waiting on condition [0x000070000608c000]
java.lang.Thread.State: TIMED_WAITING (sleeping)
at java.lang.Thread.sleep(Native Method)
at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.await(StandardServer.java:570)
at org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatWebServer$1.run(TomcatWebServer.java:197)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"Catalina-utility-2" #123 prio=1 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de886000 nid=0xa80f waiting on condition [0x0000700005f89000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076c88ab58> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.await(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2039)
at java.util.concurrent.ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor$DelayedWorkQueue.take(ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor.java:1088)
at java.util.concurrent.ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor$DelayedWorkQueue.take(ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor.java:809)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"Catalina-utility-1" #122 prio=1 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de884000 nid=0x5667 waiting on condition [0x0000700005e86000]
java.lang.Thread.State: TIMED_WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076c88ab58> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.parkNanos(LockSupport.java:215)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.awaitNanos(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2078)
at java.util.concurrent.ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor$DelayedWorkQueue.take(ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor.java:1093)
at java.util.concurrent.ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor$DelayedWorkQueue.take(ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor.java:809)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"RMI Scheduler(0)" #15 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de9ee000 nid=0x5503 waiting on condition [0x0000700005d83000]
java.lang.Thread.State: TIMED_WAITING (parking)
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x00000006c0015410> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.parkNanos(LockSupport.java:215)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer$ConditionObject.awaitNanos(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:2078)
at java.util.concurrent.ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor$DelayedWorkQueue.take(ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor.java:1093)
at java.util.concurrent.ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor$DelayedWorkQueue.take(ScheduledThreadPoolExecutor.java:809)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.getTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1074)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1134)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"Attach Listener" #13 daemon prio=9 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df149800 nid=0x3c07 waiting on condition [0x0000000000000000]
java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"RMI TCP Accept-0" #11 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df100000 nid=0x4003 runnable [0x0000700005977000]
java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE
at java.net.PlainSocketImpl.socketAccept(Native Method)
at java.net.AbstractPlainSocketImpl.accept(AbstractPlainSocketImpl.java:409)
at java.net.ServerSocket.implAccept(ServerSocket.java:545)
at java.net.ServerSocket.accept(ServerSocket.java:513)
at sun.management.jmxremote.LocalRMIServerSocketFactory$1.accept(LocalRMIServerSocketFactory.java:52)
at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$AcceptLoop.executeAcceptLoop(TCPTransport.java:405)
at sun.rmi.transport.tcp.TCPTransport$AcceptLoop.run(TCPTransport.java:377)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"Service Thread" #9 daemon prio=9 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df0ce800 nid=0x4103 runnable [0x0000000000000000]
java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"C1 CompilerThread2" #8 daemon prio=9 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df0ce000 nid=0x4203 waiting on condition [0x0000000000000000]
java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"C2 CompilerThread1" #7 daemon prio=9 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de0a3800 nid=0x3503 waiting on condition [0x0000000000000000]
java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"C2 CompilerThread0" #6 daemon prio=9 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de89b000 nid=0x3403 waiting on condition [0x0000000000000000]
java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"Monitor Ctrl-Break" #5 daemon prio=5 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df0ca000 nid=0x3303 runnable [0x0000700005468000]
java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE
at java.net.SocketInputStream.socketRead0(Native Method)
at java.net.SocketInputStream.socketRead(SocketInputStream.java:116)
at java.net.SocketInputStream.read(SocketInputStream.java:171)
at java.net.SocketInputStream.read(SocketInputStream.java:141)
at sun.nio.cs.StreamDecoder.readBytes(StreamDecoder.java:284)
at sun.nio.cs.StreamDecoder.implRead(StreamDecoder.java:326)
at sun.nio.cs.StreamDecoder.read(StreamDecoder.java:178)
- locked <0x00000006c001b760> (a java.io.InputStreamReader)
at java.io.InputStreamReader.read(InputStreamReader.java:184)
at java.io.BufferedReader.fill(BufferedReader.java:161)
at java.io.BufferedReader.readLine(BufferedReader.java:324)
- locked <0x00000006c001b760> (a java.io.InputStreamReader)
at java.io.BufferedReader.readLine(BufferedReader.java:389)
at com.intellij.rt.execution.application.AppMainV2$1.run(AppMainV2.java:64)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"Signal Dispatcher" #4 daemon prio=9 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de824000 nid=0x4503 runnable [0x0000000000000000]
java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"Finalizer" #3 daemon prio=8 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9dd811800 nid=0x4f03 in Object.wait() [0x0000700005262000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (on object monitor)
at java.lang.Object.wait(Native Method)
- waiting on <0x00000006c0008348> (a java.lang.ref.ReferenceQueue$Lock)
at java.lang.ref.ReferenceQueue.remove(ReferenceQueue.java:144)
- locked <0x00000006c0008348> (a java.lang.ref.ReferenceQueue$Lock)
at java.lang.ref.ReferenceQueue.remove(ReferenceQueue.java:165)
at java.lang.ref.Finalizer$FinalizerThread.run(Finalizer.java:216)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"Reference Handler" #2 daemon prio=10 os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de02a000 nid=0x5003 in Object.wait() [0x000070000515f000]
java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (on object monitor)
at java.lang.Object.wait(Native Method)
- waiting on <0x00000006c001b940> (a java.lang.ref.Reference$Lock)
at java.lang.Object.wait(Object.java:502)
at java.lang.ref.Reference.tryHandlePending(Reference.java:191)
- locked <0x00000006c001b940> (a java.lang.ref.Reference$Lock)
at java.lang.ref.Reference$ReferenceHandler.run(Reference.java:153)

Locked ownable synchronizers:
- None

"VM Thread" os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df00b800 nid=0x2c03 runnable

"GC task thread#0 (ParallelGC)" os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de805000 nid=0x1e07 runnable

"GC task thread#1 (ParallelGC)" os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9de003800 nid=0x2a03 runnable

"GC task thread#2 (ParallelGC)" os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df002000 nid=0x5403 runnable

"GC task thread#3 (ParallelGC)" os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df002800 nid=0x5203 runnable

"VM Periodic Task Thread" os_prio=31 tid=0x00007fc9df11a800 nid=0x3a03 waiting on condition

JNI global references: 1087


Found one Java-level deadlock:
=============================
"mythread2":
waiting for ownable synchronizer 0x000000076f5d4330, (a java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$NonfairSync),
which is held by "mythread1"
"mythread1":
waiting for ownable synchronizer 0x000000076f5d4360, (a java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$NonfairSync),
which is held by "mythread2"

Java stack information for the threads listed above:
===================================================
"mythread2":
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f5d4330> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$NonfairSync)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.parkAndCheckInterrupt(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:836)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.acquireQueued(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:870)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.acquire(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:1199)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$NonfairSync.lock(ReentrantLock.java:209)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock.lock(ReentrantLock.java:285)
at com.nicksxs.thread_dump_demo.ThreadDumpDemoApplication$2.run(ThreadDumpDemoApplication.java:34)
"mythread1":
at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)
- parking to wait for <0x000000076f5d4360> (a java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$NonfairSync)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:175)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.parkAndCheckInterrupt(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:836)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.acquireQueued(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:870)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.acquire(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:1199)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$NonfairSync.lock(ReentrantLock.java:209)
at java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock.lock(ReentrantLock.java:285)
at com.nicksxs.thread_dump_demo.ThreadDumpDemoApplication$1.run(ThreadDumpDemoApplication.java:22)

Found 1 deadlock.

前面的信息其实上次就看过了,后面就可以发现有个死锁了,

上面比较长,把主要的截出来,就是这边的,这点就很强大了。

jmap

惯例还是看一下帮助信息

这个相对命令比较多,不过因为现在 dump 下来我们可能会用文件模式,然后将文件下载下来使用 mat 进行分析,所以可以使用
jmap -dump:live,format=b,file=heap.bin <pid>
命令照着上面看的就是打印活着的对象,然后以二进制格式,文件名叫 heap.bin 然后最后就是进程 id,打印出来以后可以用 mat 打开

这样就可以很清晰的看到应用里的各种信息,jmap 直接在命令中还可以看很多信息,比如使用jmap -histo <pid>打印对象的实例数和对象占用的内存

jmap -finalizerinfo <pid> 打印正在等候回收的对象

小tips

对于一些应用内存已经占满了,jstack 和 jmap 可能会连不上的情况,可以使用-F参数强制打印线程或者 dump 文件,但是要注意这两者使用的用户必须与 java 进程启动用户一致,并且使用的 jdk 也要一致

这周因为没有准备技术方面的内容加之之前有想分享下我和跑步的一些事情,我从小学开始就是个体育渣,因为体重大非常胖,小学的时候要做仰卧起坐,基本是一个都起不来,然后那时候跑步也是要我命那种,跟另外一个比较胖的同学在跑步队尾苟延残喘,只有立定跳远还行。

时光飞逝,我在初中高中的时候因为爱打篮球,以为自己体质已经有了质的变化,所以在体育课跑步的时候妄图跟一位体育非常好的同学一起跑,结果跟的快断气了,最终还是确认了自己是个体育渣,特别是到了大学的第一次体测跑一千米,跑完直接吐了,一则是大学太宅不运动,二则的确是底子不好。那么怎么会去跑步了呢,其实也没什么特殊的原因,就是工作以后因为运动得更少,体质差,而且越来越胖,所以就想运动下,加之跑步也是我觉得成本最低的运动了,刚好那时候17 年租的地方附近小区周围的路车不太多,一圈刚好一公里多,就觉得开始跑跑看,其实想想以前觉得一千米是非常远的,学校塑胶跑道才 400 米,一千米要两圈半,太难了,但是后来在这个小区周围跑的时候好像跑了一圈以后还能再跑一点,最后跑了两圈,可把自己牛坏了,我都能跑两千米了,哈哈,这是个什么概念呢,大学里最让我绝望的两项体育相关的内容就是一千米和十二分钟跑,一千米把我跑吐了,十二分钟跑及格五圈半也能让我跑完花一周时间恢复以及提前一周心理压力爆炸,虽然我那时候跑的不快,但是已经能跑两千米了,瞬间让自己自信心爆炸,并且跑完步出完汗的感觉是非常棒的,毕竟吃奶茶鸡排都能心安理得了,谁叫我跑步了呢😄,其实现在回去看,那时候跑得还算快的,因为还比较瘦,现在要跑得那么快心跳就太快了,关于心跳什么的后面说,开始建立起自信心之后,对跑步这件事就开始不那么排斥跟害怕了,毕竟我能跑两千米了,然后试试三公里,哇,也可以了呢,三公里是什么概念呢,我大学里跑过最多的一次是十二分钟跑五圈半还是六圈,也就是两公里多,不到三公里,几乎是生涯最长了,一时间产生了一些我可能是个被埋没的运动天才的错觉,其实细想下也能明白,只是速度足够慢了就能跑多一点,毕竟提测一千米是要跑进四分钟才及格,自己跑的时候一千米跑六分多钟已经算不慢了(对我自己来说),但是即使是这样还是对把跑步坚持下去这件事有了很大的正面激励作用,并且由于那时候上下班骑车,整个体重控制的比较理想,导致一时间误会跑步就能非常快的减肥(其实这是我跑步历程中比较大的误区之一),因为会在跑步前后称下体重,如果跑个五公里(后面可以跑五公里了),可能体重就能降 0.5 千克,但实际上这只是这五公里跑步身体流失的水分,喝杯水就回来了,那时候能控制体重主要是骑车跟跑步一起的作用,并且工作压力相对来讲比较小,没有过劳肥。

后面其实跑步慢慢变得一个比较习惯的运动了,从三公里,到五公里,到七公里,再到十公里,十公里差不多对我来说是个坎,一直还不能比较轻松的跑十公里,可能近一两年好了一些(原谅我只是跟自己比较,跟那些大神比差得不知道多远),其实对我来说每次都是个突破,因为其实与他人比较没有特别大意义,比较顶尖的差得太远,比较普通的也不行,都会打击自信心,比较比我差的就更没意义了,所以其实能挑战自己,能把自己的上限提高才是最有意义的,这也是我看着朋友圈里的一些大神的速度除了佩服赞叹之外没什么其他的惭愧或者说嫌弃自己的感觉(阿 Q 精神😄)。

一直感性地觉得,跑步能解压,跑完浑身汗,有种把身体的负能量都排出去的感觉,也把吃太多的罪恶感排解掉了🤦‍♂️,之前朋友有看一本书,书名差不多叫越跑越接近自己,这个也是我觉得挺准确的一句话,当跑到接近极限了,还想再继续再跑一点,再跑一点就能突破自己上一次的最远记录了,再跑一点就能又一次突破自己了,成人以后,毕业以后,进入社会以后,世事总是难以件件顺遂,磕磕绊绊的往前走,总觉得要崩溃了,但是还是得坚持,再熬一下,再拼一下,可能还是失败,但人生呢,运气好的人和事总是小概率的,唯有面对挫折,还是日拱一卒,来日方长,我们再坚持下,没准下一次,没准再跑一会,就能突破自己,达到新的境界。

另外个人后期对跑步的一些知识和理解也变得深入一些,比如伤膝盖,其实跑步的确伤膝盖,需要做一些准备和防护,最好的是适合自己的跑鞋和比较好的路(最好的是塑胶跑道了),也要注意热身跟跑后的拉伸(虽然我做的很差),还有就是注意心率,每个人有自己的适宜心率,我这就不冒充科普达人了,可以自行搜索关键字,先说到这吧~

broker 的启动形式有点类似于 NameServer,都是服务类型的,跟 Consumer 差别比较大,

首先是org.apache.rocketmq.broker.BrokerStartup中的 main 函数,org.apache.rocketmq.broker.BrokerStartup#createBrokerController基本就是读取参数,这里差点把最核心的初始化给漏了,

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final BrokerController controller = new BrokerController(
brokerConfig,
nettyServerConfig,
nettyClientConfig,
messageStoreConfig);
// remember all configs to prevent discard
controller.getConfiguration().registerConfig(properties);

boolean initResult = controller.initialize();

前面是以 broker 配置,netty 的服务端和客户端配置,以及消息存储配置在实例化 BrokerController,然后就是初始化了

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public boolean initialize() throws CloneNotSupportedException {
boolean result = this.topicConfigManager.load();

result = result && this.consumerOffsetManager.load();
result = result && this.subscriptionGroupManager.load();
result = result && this.consumerFilterManager.load();

前面这些就是各个配置的 load 了,然后是个我认为比较重要的部分messageStore 的实例化,

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if (result) {
try {
this.messageStore =
new DefaultMessageStore(this.messageStoreConfig, this.brokerStatsManager, this.messageArrivingListener,
this.brokerConfig);
if (messageStoreConfig.isEnableDLegerCommitLog()) {
DLedgerRoleChangeHandler roleChangeHandler = new DLedgerRoleChangeHandler(this, (DefaultMessageStore) messageStore);
((DLedgerCommitLog)((DefaultMessageStore) messageStore).getCommitLog()).getdLedgerServer().getdLedgerLeaderElector().addRoleChangeHandler(roleChangeHandler);
}
this.brokerStats = new BrokerStats((DefaultMessageStore) this.messageStore);
//load plugin
MessageStorePluginContext context = new MessageStorePluginContext(messageStoreConfig, brokerStatsManager, messageArrivingListener, brokerConfig);
this.messageStore = MessageStoreFactory.build(context, this.messageStore);
this.messageStore.getDispatcherList().addFirst(new CommitLogDispatcherCalcBitMap(this.brokerConfig, this.consumerFilterManager));
} catch (IOException e) {
result = false;
log.error("Failed to initialize", e);
}
}

result = result && this.messageStore.load();

先是实例化,实例化构造函数里的代码比较重要,重点看一下

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public DefaultMessageStore(final MessageStoreConfig messageStoreConfig, final BrokerStatsManager brokerStatsManager,
final MessageArrivingListener messageArrivingListener, final BrokerConfig brokerConfig) throws IOException {
this.messageArrivingListener = messageArrivingListener;
this.brokerConfig = brokerConfig;
this.messageStoreConfig = messageStoreConfig;
this.brokerStatsManager = brokerStatsManager;
this.allocateMappedFileService = new AllocateMappedFileService(this);
if (messageStoreConfig.isEnableDLegerCommitLog()) {
this.commitLog = new DLedgerCommitLog(this);
} else {
this.commitLog = new CommitLog(this);
}
this.consumeQueueTable = new ConcurrentHashMap<>(32);

this.flushConsumeQueueService = new FlushConsumeQueueService();
this.cleanCommitLogService = new CleanCommitLogService();
this.cleanConsumeQueueService = new CleanConsumeQueueService();
this.storeStatsService = new StoreStatsService();
this.indexService = new IndexService(this);
if (!messageStoreConfig.isEnableDLegerCommitLog()) {
this.haService = new HAService(this);
} else {
this.haService = null;
}
this.reputMessageService = new ReputMessageService();

this.scheduleMessageService = new ScheduleMessageService(this);

this.transientStorePool = new TransientStorePool(messageStoreConfig);

if (messageStoreConfig.isTransientStorePoolEnable()) {
this.transientStorePool.init();
}

this.allocateMappedFileService.start();

this.indexService.start();

this.dispatcherList = new LinkedList<>();
this.dispatcherList.addLast(new CommitLogDispatcherBuildConsumeQueue());
this.dispatcherList.addLast(new CommitLogDispatcherBuildIndex());

File file = new File(StorePathConfigHelper.getLockFile(messageStoreConfig.getStorePathRootDir()));
MappedFile.ensureDirOK(file.getParent());
lockFile = new RandomAccessFile(file, "rw");
}

这里面有很多类,不过先把从构造函数里传进来的忽略下,接下来就是 AllocateMappedFileService 这个service,前面看过文章的可能会根据上面的代码猜到,这也是个 ServiceThread,如果是对RocketMQ 有所了解的可能从名字可以看出这个类是关于 RocketMQ 消息怎么落盘的,当需要创建MappedFile时(在MapedFileQueue.getLastMapedFile方法中),向该线程的requestQueue队列中放入AllocateRequest请求对象,该线程会在后台监听该队列,并在后台创建MapedFile对象,即同时创建了物理文件。然后是创建了 IndexService 服务线程,用来给创建索引;还有是FlushConsumeQueueService是将ConsumeQueue 刷入磁盘;CleanCommitLogService用来清理过期的 CommitLog,默认是 72 小时以上;CleanConsumeQueueService是将小于最新的 CommitLog 偏移量的 ConsumeQueue 清理掉;StoreStatsService是储存统计服务;HAService用于CommitLog 的主备同步;ScheduleMessageService用于定时消息;还有就是这个ReputMessageService非常重要,就是由它实现了将 CommitLog 以 topic+queue 纬度构建 ConsumeQueue,后面TransientStorePool是异步刷盘时的存储buffer,也可以从后面的判断中看出来

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public boolean isTransientStorePoolEnable() {
return transientStorePoolEnable && FlushDiskType.ASYNC_FLUSH == getFlushDiskType()
&& BrokerRole.SLAVE != getBrokerRole();
}

再然后就是启动两个服务线程,dispatcherList是为CommitLog文件转发请求,差不多这个初始化就这些内容。

然后回到外层,下面是主备切换的配置,然后是数据统计,接着是存储插件加载,然后是往转发器链表里再加一个过滤器

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if (messageStoreConfig.isEnableDLegerCommitLog()) {
DLedgerRoleChangeHandler roleChangeHandler = new DLedgerRoleChangeHandler(this, (DefaultMessageStore) messageStore);
((DLedgerCommitLog)((DefaultMessageStore) messageStore).getCommitLog()).getdLedgerServer().getdLedgerLeaderElector().addRoleChangeHandler(roleChangeHandler);
}
this.brokerStats = new BrokerStats((DefaultMessageStore) this.messageStore);
//load plugin
MessageStorePluginContext context = new MessageStorePluginContext(messageStoreConfig, brokerStatsManager, messageArrivingListener, brokerConfig);
this.messageStore = MessageStoreFactory.build(context, this.messageStore);
this.messageStore.getDispatcherList().addFirst(new CommitLogDispatcherCalcBitMap(this.brokerConfig, this.consumerFilterManager));

接下来就是org.apache.rocketmq.store.MessageStore#load的过程了,

1) 调用ScheduleMessageService.load方法,初始化延迟级别列表。将这些级别(”1s 5s 10s 30s 1m 2m 3m 4m 5m 6m 7m 8m 9m 10m 20m 30m 1h 2h”)的延时存入延迟级别delayLevelTable:ConcurrentHashMap<Integer /* level /, Long/ delay timeMillis */>变量中,例如1s的kv值为1:1000,5s的kv值为2:5000,key值依次类推;每个延迟级别即为一个队列。

2)调用CommitLog.load方法,在此方法中调用MapedFileQueue.load方法,将$HOME /store/commitlog目录下的所有文件加载到MapedFileQueue的List变量中;

3)调用DefaultMessageStore.loadConsumeQueue方法加载consumequeue文件数据到DefaultMessageStore.consumeQueueTable集合中。

初始化StoreCheckPoint对象,加载$HOME/store/checkpoint文件,该文件记录三个字段值,分别是物理队列消息时间戳、逻辑队列消息时间戳、索引队列消息时间戳。

调用IndexService.load方法加载$HOME/store/index目录下的文件。对该目录下的每个文件初始化一个IndexFile对象。然后调用IndexFile对象的load方法将IndexHeader加载到对象的变量中;再根据检查是否存在abort文件,若有存在abort文件,则表示Broker表示上次是异常退出的,则检查checkpoint的indexMsgTimestamp字段值是否小于IndexHeader的endTimestamp值,indexMsgTimestamp值表示最后刷盘的时间,若小于则表示在最后刷盘之后在该文件中还创建了索引,则要删除该Index文件,否则将该IndexFile对象放入indexFileList:ArrayList索引文件集合中。

然后调用org.apache.rocketmq.store.DefaultMessageStore#recover恢复,前面有根据boolean lastExitOK = !this.isTempFileExist();临时文件是否存在来判断上一次是否正常退出,根据这个状态来选择什么恢复策略

接下去是初始化 Netty 服务端,初始化发送消息线程池(sendMessageExecutor)、拉取消息线程池(pullMessageExecutor)、管理Broker线程池(adminBrokerExecutor)、客户端管理线程池(clientManageExecutor),注册事件处理器,包括发送消息事件处理器(SendMessageProcessor)、拉取消息事件处理器、查询消息事件处理器(QueryMessageProcessor,包括客户端的心跳事件、注销事件、获取消费者列表事件、更新更新和查询消费进度consumerOffset)、客户端管理事件处理器(ClientManageProcessor)、结束事务处理器(EndTransactionProcessor)、默认事件处理器(AdminBrokerProcessor),然后是定时任务

BrokerController.this.getBrokerStats().record(); 记录 Broker 状态

BrokerController.this.consumerOffsetManager.persist(); 持久化consumerOffset

BrokerController.this.consumerFilterManager.persist();持久化consumerFilter

BrokerController.this.protectBroker(); 保护 broker,消费慢,不让继续投递

BrokerController.this.printWaterMark(); 打印水位

log.info("dispatch behind commit log {} bytes", BrokerController.this.getMessageStore().dispatchBehindBytes()); 检查落后程度

BrokerController.this.brokerOuterAPI.fetchNameServerAddr(); 定时获取 nameserver

BrokerController.this.printMasterAndSlaveDiff(); 打印主从不一致

然后是 tsl,初始化事务消息,初始化 RPCHook

请把害怕打到公屏上🤦‍♂️,从线程池名字和调用的方法应该可以看出大部分的用途

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this.remotingServer = new NettyRemotingServer(this.nettyServerConfig, this.clientHousekeepingService);
NettyServerConfig fastConfig = (NettyServerConfig) this.nettyServerConfig.clone();
fastConfig.setListenPort(nettyServerConfig.getListenPort() - 2);
this.fastRemotingServer = new NettyRemotingServer(fastConfig, this.clientHousekeepingService);
this.sendMessageExecutor = new BrokerFixedThreadPoolExecutor(
this.brokerConfig.getSendMessageThreadPoolNums(),
this.brokerConfig.getSendMessageThreadPoolNums(),
1000 * 60,
TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS,
this.sendThreadPoolQueue,
new ThreadFactoryImpl("SendMessageThread_"));

this.pullMessageExecutor = new BrokerFixedThreadPoolExecutor(
this.brokerConfig.getPullMessageThreadPoolNums(),
this.brokerConfig.getPullMessageThreadPoolNums(),
1000 * 60,
TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS,
this.pullThreadPoolQueue,
new ThreadFactoryImpl("PullMessageThread_"));

this.replyMessageExecutor = new BrokerFixedThreadPoolExecutor(
this.brokerConfig.getProcessReplyMessageThreadPoolNums(),
this.brokerConfig.getProcessReplyMessageThreadPoolNums(),
1000 * 60,
TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS,
this.replyThreadPoolQueue,
new ThreadFactoryImpl("ProcessReplyMessageThread_"));

this.queryMessageExecutor = new BrokerFixedThreadPoolExecutor(
this.brokerConfig.getQueryMessageThreadPoolNums(),
this.brokerConfig.getQueryMessageThreadPoolNums(),
1000 * 60,
TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS,
this.queryThreadPoolQueue,
new ThreadFactoryImpl("QueryMessageThread_"));

this.adminBrokerExecutor =
Executors.newFixedThreadPool(this.brokerConfig.getAdminBrokerThreadPoolNums(), new ThreadFactoryImpl(
"AdminBrokerThread_"));

this.clientManageExecutor = new ThreadPoolExecutor(
this.brokerConfig.getClientManageThreadPoolNums(),
this.brokerConfig.getClientManageThreadPoolNums(),
1000 * 60,
TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS,
this.clientManagerThreadPoolQueue,
new ThreadFactoryImpl("ClientManageThread_"));

this.heartbeatExecutor = new BrokerFixedThreadPoolExecutor(
this.brokerConfig.getHeartbeatThreadPoolNums(),
this.brokerConfig.getHeartbeatThreadPoolNums(),
1000 * 60,
TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS,
this.heartbeatThreadPoolQueue,
new ThreadFactoryImpl("HeartbeatThread_", true));

this.endTransactionExecutor = new BrokerFixedThreadPoolExecutor(
this.brokerConfig.getEndTransactionThreadPoolNums(),
this.brokerConfig.getEndTransactionThreadPoolNums(),
1000 * 60,
TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS,
this.endTransactionThreadPoolQueue,
new ThreadFactoryImpl("EndTransactionThread_"));

this.consumerManageExecutor =
Executors.newFixedThreadPool(this.brokerConfig.getConsumerManageThreadPoolNums(), new ThreadFactoryImpl(
"ConsumerManageThread_"));

this.registerProcessor();

final long initialDelay = UtilAll.computeNextMorningTimeMillis() - System.currentTimeMillis();
final long period = 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24;
this.scheduledExecutorService.scheduleAtFixedRate(new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
try {
BrokerController.this.getBrokerStats().record();
} catch (Throwable e) {
log.error("schedule record error.", e);
}
}
}, initialDelay, period, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);

this.scheduledExecutorService.scheduleAtFixedRate(new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
try {
BrokerController.this.consumerOffsetManager.persist();
} catch (Throwable e) {
log.error("schedule persist consumerOffset error.", e);
}
}
}, 1000 * 10, this.brokerConfig.getFlushConsumerOffsetInterval(), TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);

this.scheduledExecutorService.scheduleAtFixedRate(new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
try {
BrokerController.this.consumerFilterManager.persist();
} catch (Throwable e) {
log.error("schedule persist consumer filter error.", e);
}
}
}, 1000 * 10, 1000 * 10, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);

this.scheduledExecutorService.scheduleAtFixedRate(new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
try {
BrokerController.this.protectBroker();
} catch (Throwable e) {
log.error("protectBroker error.", e);
}
}
}, 3, 3, TimeUnit.MINUTES);

this.scheduledExecutorService.scheduleAtFixedRate(new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
try {
BrokerController.this.printWaterMark();
} catch (Throwable e) {
log.error("printWaterMark error.", e);
}
}
}, 10, 1, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

this.scheduledExecutorService.scheduleAtFixedRate(new Runnable() {

@Override
public void run() {
try {
log.info("dispatch behind commit log {} bytes", BrokerController.this.getMessageStore().dispatchBehindBytes());
} catch (Throwable e) {
log.error("schedule dispatchBehindBytes error.", e);
}
}
}, 1000 * 10, 1000 * 60, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);

if (this.brokerConfig.getNamesrvAddr() != null) {
this.brokerOuterAPI.updateNameServerAddressList(this.brokerConfig.getNamesrvAddr());
log.info("Set user specified name server address: {}", this.brokerConfig.getNamesrvAddr());
} else if (this.brokerConfig.isFetchNamesrvAddrByAddressServer()) {
this.scheduledExecutorService.scheduleAtFixedRate(new Runnable() {

@Override
public void run() {
try {
BrokerController.this.brokerOuterAPI.fetchNameServerAddr();
} catch (Throwable e) {
log.error("ScheduledTask fetchNameServerAddr exception", e);
}
}
}, 1000 * 10, 1000 * 60 * 2, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
}

if (!messageStoreConfig.isEnableDLegerCommitLog()) {
if (BrokerRole.SLAVE == this.messageStoreConfig.getBrokerRole()) {
if (this.messageStoreConfig.getHaMasterAddress() != null && this.messageStoreConfig.getHaMasterAddress().length() >= 6) {
this.messageStore.updateHaMasterAddress(this.messageStoreConfig.getHaMasterAddress());
this.updateMasterHAServerAddrPeriodically = false;
} else {
this.updateMasterHAServerAddrPeriodically = true;
}
} else {
this.scheduledExecutorService.scheduleAtFixedRate(new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
try {
BrokerController.this.printMasterAndSlaveDiff();
} catch (Throwable e) {
log.error("schedule printMasterAndSlaveDiff error.", e);
}
}
}, 1000 * 10, 1000 * 60, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
}
}

if (TlsSystemConfig.tlsMode != TlsMode.DISABLED) {
// Register a listener to reload SslContext
try {
fileWatchService = new FileWatchService(
new String[] {
TlsSystemConfig.tlsServerCertPath,
TlsSystemConfig.tlsServerKeyPath,
TlsSystemConfig.tlsServerTrustCertPath
},
new FileWatchService.Listener() {
boolean certChanged, keyChanged = false;

@Override
public void onChanged(String path) {
if (path.equals(TlsSystemConfig.tlsServerTrustCertPath)) {
log.info("The trust certificate changed, reload the ssl context");
reloadServerSslContext();
}
if (path.equals(TlsSystemConfig.tlsServerCertPath)) {
certChanged = true;
}
if (path.equals(TlsSystemConfig.tlsServerKeyPath)) {
keyChanged = true;
}
if (certChanged && keyChanged) {
log.info("The certificate and private key changed, reload the ssl context");
certChanged = keyChanged = false;
reloadServerSslContext();
}
}

private void reloadServerSslContext() {
((NettyRemotingServer) remotingServer).loadSslContext();
((NettyRemotingServer) fastRemotingServer).loadSslContext();
}
});
} catch (Exception e) {
log.warn("FileWatchService created error, can't load the certificate dynamically");
}
}
initialTransaction();
initialAcl();
initialRpcHooks();
}
return result;

Broker 启动过程

贴代码

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public void start() throws Exception {
if (this.messageStore != null) {
this.messageStore.start();
}

if (this.remotingServer != null) {
this.remotingServer.start();
}

if (this.fastRemotingServer != null) {
this.fastRemotingServer.start();
}

if (this.fileWatchService != null) {
this.fileWatchService.start();
}

if (this.brokerOuterAPI != null) {
this.brokerOuterAPI.start();
}

if (this.pullRequestHoldService != null) {
this.pullRequestHoldService.start();
}

if (this.clientHousekeepingService != null) {
this.clientHousekeepingService.start();
}

if (this.filterServerManager != null) {
this.filterServerManager.start();
}

if (!messageStoreConfig.isEnableDLegerCommitLog()) {
startProcessorByHa(messageStoreConfig.getBrokerRole());
handleSlaveSynchronize(messageStoreConfig.getBrokerRole());
this.registerBrokerAll(true, false, true);
}

this.scheduledExecutorService.scheduleAtFixedRate(new Runnable() {

@Override
public void run() {
try {
BrokerController.this.registerBrokerAll(true, false, brokerConfig.isForceRegister());
} catch (Throwable e) {
log.error("registerBrokerAll Exception", e);
}
}
}, 1000 * 10, Math.max(10000, Math.min(brokerConfig.getRegisterNameServerPeriod(), 60000)), TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);

if (this.brokerStatsManager != null) {
this.brokerStatsManager.start();
}

if (this.brokerFastFailure != null) {
this.brokerFastFailure.start();
}


}

首先是启动messageStore,调用 start 方法,这里面又调用了一些代码

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public void start() throws Exception {

lock = lockFile.getChannel().tryLock(0, 1, false);
if (lock == null || lock.isShared() || !lock.isValid()) {
throw new RuntimeException("Lock failed,MQ already started");
}

lockFile.getChannel().write(ByteBuffer.wrap("lock".getBytes()));
lockFile.getChannel().force(true);
{
/**
* 1. Make sure the fast-forward messages to be truncated during the recovering according to the max physical offset of the commitlog;
* 2. DLedger committedPos may be missing, so the maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue maybe bigger that maxOffset returned by DLedgerCommitLog, just let it go;
* 3. Calculate the reput offset according to the consume queue;
* 4. Make sure the fall-behind messages to be dispatched before starting the commitlog, especially when the broker role are automatically changed.
*/
long maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue = commitLog.getMinOffset();
for (ConcurrentMap<Integer, ConsumeQueue> maps : this.consumeQueueTable.values()) {
for (ConsumeQueue logic : maps.values()) {
if (logic.getMaxPhysicOffset() > maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue) {
maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue = logic.getMaxPhysicOffset();
}
}
}
if (maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue < 0) {
maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue = 0;
}
if (maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue < this.commitLog.getMinOffset()) {
maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue = this.commitLog.getMinOffset();
/**
* This happens in following conditions:
* 1. If someone removes all the consumequeue files or the disk get damaged.
* 2. Launch a new broker, and copy the commitlog from other brokers.
*
* All the conditions has the same in common that the maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue should be 0.
* If the maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue is gt 0, there maybe something wrong.
*/
log.warn("[TooSmallCqOffset] maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue={} clMinOffset={}", maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue, this.commitLog.getMinOffset());
}
log.info("[SetReputOffset] maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue={} clMinOffset={} clMaxOffset={} clConfirmedOffset={}",
maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue, this.commitLog.getMinOffset(), this.commitLog.getMaxOffset(), this.commitLog.getConfirmOffset());
this.reputMessageService.setReputFromOffset(maxPhysicalPosInLogicQueue);
this.reputMessageService.start();

/**
* 1. Finish dispatching the messages fall behind, then to start other services.
* 2. DLedger committedPos may be missing, so here just require dispatchBehindBytes <= 0
*/
while (true) {
if (dispatchBehindBytes() <= 0) {
break;
}
Thread.sleep(1000);
log.info("Try to finish doing reput the messages fall behind during the starting, reputOffset={} maxOffset={} behind={}", this.reputMessageService.getReputFromOffset(), this.getMaxPhyOffset(), this.dispatchBehindBytes());
}
this.recoverTopicQueueTable();
}

if (!messageStoreConfig.isEnableDLegerCommitLog()) {
this.haService.start();
this.handleScheduleMessageService(messageStoreConfig.getBrokerRole());
}

this.flushConsumeQueueService.start();
this.commitLog.start();
this.storeStatsService.start();

this.createTempFile();
this.addScheduleTask();
this.shutdown = false;
}

调用DefaultMessageStore.start方法启动DefaultMessageStore对象中的一些服务线程。

  1. 启动ReputMessageService服务线程
  2. 启动FlushConsumeQueueService服务线程;
  3. 调用CommitLog.start方法,启动CommitLog对象中的FlushCommitLogService线程服务,若是同步刷盘(SYNC_FLUSH)则是启动GroupCommitService线程服务;若是异步刷盘(ASYNC_FLUSH)则是启动FlushRealTimeService线程服务;
  4. 启动StoreStatsService线程服务;
  5. 启动定时清理任务

然后是启动ClientHousekeepingService的 netty 服务端和客户端,然后是启动fileWatchService证书服务,接着启动BrokerOuterAPI中的NettyRemotingClient,即建立与NameServer的链接,用于自身Broker与其他模块的RPC功能调用;包括获取NameServer的地址、注册Broker、注销Broker、获取Topic配置、获取消息进度信息、获取订阅关系等RPC功能,然后是PullRequestHoldService服务线程,这个就是实现长轮询的,然后启动管家ClientHousekeepingService服务,负责扫描不活跃的生产者,消费者和 filter,启动FilterServerManager 过滤器服务管理,然后启动定时任务调用org.apache.rocketmq.broker.BrokerController#registerBrokerAll向所有 nameserver 注册 broker,最后是按需开启org.apache.rocketmq.store.stats.BrokerStatsManager和org.apache.rocketmq.broker.latency.BrokerFastFailure,基本上启动过程就完成了